We carry out work related to the preparation of nanocomposite layers consisting of carbon (in its various allotropes) and nanocrystals of group 10 elements (Ni, Pd, Pt) and transparent conductive layers. These layers are used in numerous branches of electronics (optoelectronics, microelectronics and electrical engineering). The Institute’s activities focus on the technologies of layers made of such material systems as C-Pd, C-Ni, Pd-Ni-C, carbon nanotubes (CN) with carbon matrix and Pd-Ni-C CNs. Depending on the structure, morphology and other characteristics, the aforementioned layers may be used as detectors of different substances (gases, such as hydrogen, methane, LPG, CO, CO2, and biological molecules), electrodes for cells (e.g. hydrogen cells), cold emitters and lamps with cold emitters, as well as surface coatings modifying the properties of these surfaces.
We are equipped with apparatus to characterise nanocomposites using the following methods: high-resolution electron scanning microscopy with microanalysis, atomic force microscopy, UV-ViS spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, calorimetric methods (TGA, DSC) and X-ray methods. Furthermore, our instruments allow the following tests to be performed on the equipment based on the above-mentioned materials (sensors, cold emitters): testing of resistance changes of sensors under a given gas as a function of time, measurements of cold electron emission, determination of light parameters for testing lamps (e.g. with cold emitter). Our scientists cooperate with numerous leading national and foreign research and academic centres in the field of solid physics, electron technologies, electronics and material engineering.
The team consists of nine experts, including habilitated doctors, doctors, process engineers and electricians with great professional experience in the above-mentioned activities. The team members actively participate in several research programmes, provide research services and carry out their own works.